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5月18日学术报告
2017-05-17| 编辑: | 【 】【打印】【关闭

  学术报告 

  报告题目: Atmosphere-land-ocean interaction across South America along with millennial-scale AMOC slowdown during last glacial period 

  报告人:张彦成博士 

  报告时间地点2017-5-18,周四下午14:0011楼视频会议室 

    

    

  报告人简介 

  张彦成,兰州大学地理科学学士(2008)、中国科学院寒旱所自然地理学硕士(2012)、德国不莱梅大学海洋地质学博士(2016)。研究方向为古气候与古海洋学,专注于末次冰期-间冰期以来大洋温盐环流在千年尺度上的快速变化及其与全球气候系统的耦合关系。相关成果已经在EPSL, SRCPQSRPaleoceanography等国际学术期刊上发表。 

    

  报告简介 

  During the last glacial period, a succession of millennial-scale cold intervals was documented in Greenland ice cores, termed Heinrich stadials (HS) and Dansgaard-Oeschger (DO) stadials. These stadials, which involved significant reductions in the strength of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation (AMOC), greatly influenced tropical South American precipitation due to reorganizations of the South American monsoon system and the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ). Detailed knowledge about changes of South American precipitation along with such cold intervals may provide relevant insights about the reaction of Amazonian biodiversity to future AMOC slowdown, e.g., ca. 20-40% over the 21st century. During my PhD study, we combined geochemical proxies from different paleorecords (e.g., new sediment cores from the western tropical Atlantic and published terrestrial hydroclimate records across tropical South America) and a set of sensitivity climate model experiments. We focused on the HS1 (18-15 ka ago) as a specific case to address: (i) the simulated reversal of the North Brazil Current (NBC); and (ii) the mechanism linking a weakened AMOC and tropical South American precipitation anomalies. Our results suggested that: (i) the NBC was very unlikely to reverse during HS1; and (ii) the eastern equatorial Pacific forcing was crucial to cause anomalous wet conditions over the Amazonian Andes. Besides, we also investigated the difference in spatial patterns of South American precipitation across HS and DO stadials. We found decreased precipitation over northernmost South America and increased precipitation over the Andes during both HS and DO stadials. In contrast, northeastern Brazilian precipitation experienced significant increases during HS, but was characterized by subtle changes during DO stadials. Regarding moderate AMOC slowdown associated with DO stadials relative to HS, we propose that shifts of the ITCZ mean position during DO stadials did not reached as far south as during HS. 


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